The seventeenth amendment amendment xvii to the united states constitution established the popular election of united states senators by the people of the states the amendment supersedes article i 3 clauses 1 and 2 of the constitution under which senators were elected by state legislaturesit also alters the procedure for filling vacancies in the senate allowing for state legislatures . Thirty three amendments to the united states constitution have been proposed by the united states congress and sent to the states for ratification since the constitution was put into operation on march 4 1789 twenty seven of these having been ratified by the requisite number of states 38 since 1959 are part of the constitution. The thirteenth amendment amendment xiii to the united states constitution abolished slavery and involuntary servitude except as punishment for a crimein congress it was passed by the senate on april 8 1864 and by the house on january 31 1865 the amendment was ratified by the required number of states on december 6 1865 on december 18 1865 secretary of state william h seward . The first amendment amendment i to the united states constitution prevents the government from making laws which regulate an establishment of religion prohibit the free exercise of religion or abridge the freedom of speech the freedom of the press the right to peaceably assemble or the right to petition the government for redress of grievances. The twelfth amendment amendment xii to the united states constitution provides the procedure for electing the president and vice presidentit replaced the procedure provided in article ii section 1 clause 3 by which the electoral college originally functioned the amendment was proposed by the congress on december 9 1803 and was ratified by the requisite three fourths of state
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